The Ministry of Health of the People's Republic of China was established on November 21, 1949. It is a member of the State Council with a mandate in health.
There are 16 components within the Ministry of Health: the Department of General Administration, the Department of Human Resources, the Department of Planning and Finance, the Department of Health Policy and Regulation, the Office of Health Emergency, the Department of Rural Health Management, the Department of Health Law Enforcement and Supervision, the Department of Maternal and Child Health Care and Community Health, the Department of Medical Administration, the Department of Disease Control, the Department of Medical Science, Technology and Education, the Department of International Cooperation, the Bureau of Health Care for Senior Officials, the Committee of the Communist Party of China at Ministry of Health, the Bureau of the Retired Personnel and the Bureau of Supervision.
In addition, institutions affiliated with the Ministry of Health are: the Chinese Academy of Medical Sciences (Peking Union Medical College), the Chinese Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the National Center of Health Inspection and Supervision, Beijing Hospital, China-Japan Friendship Hospital, the China Medical Association, Health Daily, the People's Medical Publishing House, China Prevention Medicine Association, the Training Center for Health Officials, the Development Center for Medical and Health Technology, the Health Economics Center, Hospital Management Center, Personnel Exchange Center, and the Logistics Center for the Ministry of Health.
The major mandates of the Ministry of Health are:
I. To draft health laws, regulations and policies; to propose health development programs and strategic goals; to formulate technical protocols, health standards and to supervise their enforcement.
II. To propose regional health programs, to conduct overall planning and to coordinate the nationwide allocation of health resources.
III. To formulate working programs and policies on rural health, as well as maternal and child health care; to guide the implementation of primary health programs and technical protocols on maternal and child health care.
IV. To implement the policy of "Prevention First" and to conduct health education to the general public. To develop programs on the prevention and treatment of diseases that endanger the health of the population; to organize the comprehensive prevention and treatment of major diseases; to publicize the quarantine list of communicable diseases and the surveillance list of infectious diseases.
V. To guide the reform of medical institutions; to formulate criteria for medical practitioners, medical quality and service delivery, and to supervise their enforcement.
VI. To regulate by law blood collection at blood or plasma centers and the quality of blood for clinical transfusion.
VII. To draft key national development programs on medical science, technology and education; to organize key national medical and health researches; to guide the dissemination and application of medical achievements. To administer the affiliated institutions.
VIII. To supervise communicable disease prevention and treatment, food health, occupational, environmental, radiological, and school health. To formulate food and cosmetics quality control protocols and be responsible for their accreditation.
IX. To formulate national development programs on health professionals and professional ethics protocols for health personnel; to draft and implement staffing standards for health institutions and accreditation criteria for health personnel.
X. To organize and guide multi-lateral and bilateral governmental and non-governmental health and medical cooperation and exchanges and medical aid to other countries, to participate in major health events initiated by international organizations. To coordinate medical and health exchanges and collaborations between China and the World Health Organization and other international organizations.
XI. To implement the policy of developing both western medicine and traditional Chinese medicine.
XII. To do the routine work of the National Patriotic Health Campaign Committee.
XIII. To coordinate and dispatch technical health capacity nationwide, to assist local governments and relevant agencies in emergency response to major epidemics and diseases and in epidemic and disease prevention and control.
XIV. To undertake other work as designated by the State Council.
As mandated by the State Council, the Ministry of Health administers the State Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine.
Minister: Chen Zhu
Notice: The English version of www.moh.gov.cn is under construction.
Updated: Dec. 22, 2009