The State Council issued Thursday the guidelines on national medium- and long-term program for science and technology development (2006-2020), which sets the proportion of research and development expenditures at 2.5 percent of the gross domestic product.
By 2020, the progress of science and technology will contribute 60 percent or above to the country's development. Meanwhile, the country's reliance on foreign technology will decline to 30 percent or below.
The number of patents granted to Chinese nationals and the introduction of their academic essays are expected to rank among the first five throughout the world.
China will give priority to technological development in 11 major sectors such as energy and water resources in the coming 15 years, in order to resolve some outstanding problems bottlenecking the country's economic and social development.
The key industries also include mining resources, environment, agriculture, manufacturing, communications and transport, information industry and modern service industries, population and health, urbanization and urban development, public security, and national defense, according to the program.
By 2020, China will have developed a number of frontier technologies in sectors such as biology, information industry, materials technologies and advanced manufacturing technology.
China will focus its energy research on the economical, efficient and clean use of energy and the exploration of new energy resources.
The guidelines also call for the development of technology for comprehensive exploration of seas and oceans, laser technology and space-sky technology for the next 15 years.
The guidelines list 10 basic researches such as basic biological researches comprising life science and diseases, research on the impact of human activities on global system, global change and regional response, and research on formation, forecast and control of disasters.
In the next 15 years, China will give top priority to the study of protein as it is regarded as the peak for life science by scientists in developed nations, the guidelines say.
Meanwhile, the study on the control of quanta may cast imponderable impact on human's social and economic development in 20 to 30 years.
In addition, China hopes to make breakthroughs in the study of Nano technology, which has been a strategic option for many countries to promote their competitiveness.
Along with the arrival of an aging era for China, a country with a big yearly increase in population and many people with birth deficiency, China is severely short of human organs for transplant. Therefore there is an urgent need for breakthroughs and technological innovations in theory of reproduction and growth, according to the document.
China will urge large enterprises to set up research and development (R&D) institutes and welcome enterprises to share the state's R&D tasks.
According to the guidelines, China will push enterprises to spend more on research and development, and establish state-level engineering labs and various industrial engineering centers with joint R&D groups from enterprises, universities and scientific institutes.
China will persist in innovation to raise the country's competitiveness comprehensively, in the fields of equipment manufacturing and information industry, the agricultural science, the energy exploration and saving, the recycling economy and environment and etc.
China will expedite the implementation of a national strategy on intellectual property rights (IPR), bringing the IPR management into the whole process of scientific and technological management.
China will further improve the national IPR system, create a legal environment in which intellectual property rights are respected and protected, increase people's awareness of IPR protection, and sternly crack down on IPR infringement, the guidelines say.
The government will adopt preferential banking policies for promoting innovation and startup of businesses, so as to create more conveniences for high-tech companies to go public.
The government will actively push forward the building of secondary stock market and set up a multi-level capital market system, to accelerate the industrialization of science and technology, the guidelines say.
China will reform the current scientific and technological management system and combine and coordinate the military and civilian research organizations.
China's military organizations are encouraged to shoulder up the tasks of scientific research for civilian use. At the same time, civilian research institutes and enterprises are also allowed to take part in national defence research projects, the guidelines say.
China has continuously increased the investment in science and technology since the implementation of reform and opening-up more than two decades ago.
However, compared with the developed countries and the emerging industrialized nations, the investment is still insufficient, the investment structure is not reasonable and the basic conditions for science and technology are still weak.
China will remarkably increase investment in science and technology in the coming 15 years. The state financial investment will be used to mainly support basic research, frontier research, research for commonweal and key technology research which cannot be solved in the market mechanism, according to the guidelines.
Central and local governments should ensure that the growth rate of the expenses on science and technology should be much higher than that of financial revenues, the guidelines say.